A letter to the first Arab Congress in Paris in 1913

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Image Source: Tamim Mardam Bey Archive

The letter is signed off by the Damascus notable and future ambassador and governor, Haydar Mardam Bey, a member of the secret al-Fatat Society. The Arab Congress was the first of its kind, challenging the Ottoman Empire before World War I. It demanded greater autonomy for Arabic-speaking provinces of the Empire and greater democracy.