A rare photo of Fawzi al-Ghazzi, author of Syria's first republican constitution, in 1929

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Fawzi al-Ghazzi (1891-1929) rose to fame as a ranking member of the National Bloc in 1927. He nominated himself for his native Damascus for the Constitutional Assembly elections of 1928, and was voted to draft Syria's first Constitution with the National Bloc President Hashem al-Atasi. After finishing the draft, Ghazzi was killed by his wife in July 1929. She poisoned him to carry out a love affair with his nephew. The scandal rocked Damascus, and thousands came out in his funeral carrying signs that read, "Father of the Constitution is Dead. Long Live the Constitution!" At the time of his death in 1929, Ghazzi was only 38-years old.